Sandra Essays

Two alternative causes can be offered for this finding. They were taught to make sure that the materials they found were trustworthy, complete, and could be used to achieve the goal they set up at the outset. The paper presents a report of a small-scale exploratory research on the implementation of critical thinking exercise for junior students of English as a foreign language. In addition to that, they were also trained to adopt a range of open-minded attitude that is typical of a critical thinker along the points suggested by Kurland The data gathered from questionnaires indicate that they asked more critical questions with better qualities than they did before the training.

It describes the instructional objective of the Business Correspondence class, and the steps in introducing the critical thinking to the students. Skip to main content. Thinking to some purpose. Likewise, respondent SH also demonstrated similar questions. As shown in the table, the students claimed to have performed several acts that reflect their critical attitude.

What Is Critical Thinking?

Years later, there was even a greater concern to focus on the process of critical thinking. Critical thinking involves reflecting on the validity of what you have read in light of our prior knowledge and understanding of the world. Empowering citizens to think critically: Quite possibly, the common practices of simply transferring knowledge from textbooks and teachers to the students still prevail, as opposed to a growing intention to make students think more independently and learn for themselves beyond the boundaries of prescribed teaching and books.

Journal of Developmental Education 25 1 As the Table above shows, on average there are additional one or two more steps after the CT teaching.


It is concluded then that the brief training has prompted their awareness of critical thinking. This study was conducted partly to seek the answers to the issue. Indeed, as Wolcott et al. The Conception of Critical Thinking The idea of incorporating critical thinking into educational practices was initiated by Greek philosophers, reinforced after the World War II, and enhanced by Bloom in the s with his Taxonomy of Educational Objectives.

Also, since the critical thinking covers broad areas of cognitive activities, attempt should be made to limit the types of critical thinking that are specifically orientated to specific learning tasks.

kurland (2000)/ critical thinking

The ability to decide what to believe or do based on solid logic, and to understand the consequences of this decision. What is the most common expression in an enquiry letter? Do we have to give details about our achievements and experiences in our previous job?

Cafer Got Live

A few respondents tended to ask more questions after they received the CT training. They were then assigned to start their independent learning to find a model of business letter and learn its parts themselves.

Present and defend opinions by making judgements about information, validity of ideas, or quality kur,and work based on a set of criteria. This section ends with a brief discussion of their opinions about the new teaching approach.

Critical reading is a technique for discovering information and ideas within a text. Taken as whole, these recent studies point out that the foundation of critical thinking education in Indonesia has yet to become stronger and more solid. Is the source of this model accurate and trustworthy?

The second section puts the new approach to the classroom context.



Is it still valid? In addition to that, they were also trained to adopt a range of open-minded attitude that is typical of a critical thinker along the points suggested by Kurland Thinking skills approaches to effective teaching and learning: So, as an idea, it has stood the test of time and yet there is still a perceived need to thlnking the critical thinking skills in schools and colleges.

kurland (2000)/ critical thinking

Arum and Roksa study on the critical thinking skills of two thousand xritical students in USA reveals that 45 percent of them do not progress in the quality of their critical thinking, reasoning or writing skills during the initial two years of.

A statement of expert consensus for purposes of educational assessment and instruction. Thus, questions number 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 7, 9, and 11 are apparently analytical acts applied to critiquing a model letter. In addition, particular emphases are placed on critical selection of Internet resources and critical reading. Learners arguably think more or less critically as they are actively engaged in learning activities.

Make inferences and find evidence to support generalizations. In general, they asked more questions than they did prior to the brief CT training. Learners equipped with solid skills of thinking critically may even be more prepared to take on independent learning.