Sandra Essays

This furthermore meant that Carbon uptake by the plants was limited. The name is a description of the characteristics of the volcano, namely Eyja meaning island; fjalla meaning mountain; and jokull meaning glacier. You are commenting using your Google account. Upon eruption, the volcano ripped open a 1km long fissure in the field of ice. The airspace reopened in accordance to new guidelines about ash densities that can be tolerated by aircraft. As the amount of ice available to interact with the magma decreased, the volcano changed from producing ash to mainly producing fire fountains.

Skip to content Advertisements. This was particularly important for when the ash dispersed to near invisibility. A series of earthquakes were recorded below the surface of the volcano, indicating a possible eruption brewing. Animation of ash cloud spreading This also has a knock on effect on International flights globally as they could not land or take off from Europe. In addition, the EU has other transport mechanisms such as extensive road and motorway networks, rail networks including the Channel tunnel and boat networks which were particularly important for the transportation of food goods etc. You are commenting using your Twitter account. The major problem with this volcano was volcanic ash and the ash plume that resulted from the eruption.

I have referred to my old A level notes to compile this detailed case study regarding the Eyjafjallajokull volcano in Iceland. Posted on February 7, February 7, by AmyLouise. Icelanders are aware of their countries environmental hazards and understand what to do with the assistance and compensation available to them.

Leave a Reply Cancel reply Enter your comment here Travelers stuck by the ash cloud were entitled to legal compensation from their airlines and their airlines were also legally responsible for the well-being of stranded passengers.

The eruption occurred 75 miles East of the capital city, and led to a death toll of 0.


The eyjxfjallajokull began on 20th March and ended 7 months later in October Their actions also limited the impact in terms of casualties, and tests have taken place since to see if planes can fly in ash clouds, in what type of ash or around ash clouds. A lava flow spread northeast, spilling into Hrunagil Gully. Askja, Krafla, Surtsey etc. You are commenting using your Google account.

case study eyjafjallajokull volcano

Individual countries decided whether to ban flights or not. The last known eruption of Eyjafjallajokull prior studyy occurred in towhich produced intermediate-silica tephra from the central caldera. This interaction of two different types of volcanism has created the island of Iceland, which is made up of many active volcanoes. There were many environmental impacts of this eruption, and scientists feared a climatic impact.

This is creating the Mid Atlantic ridge, along which the age of the rocks either side of the ridge and paleomagnetism have been used as evidence of Plate Tectonics theory. The tectonic setting for the Volcanic hazard. In addition, all of the countries in Europe have bodies which determine the safety of conditions to fly in.

Volcanoes – Edexcel – Revision 8 – GCSE Geography – BBC Bitesize

This closure expanded and continued for the upcoming 8 days, stranding 10 million passengers, which impacted European economies. The plates are moving apart at a rate of 1cm to 5 cm per year.

This fine grained ash poses a problem to airplanes, as it can affect many systems when it enters the engines and even turn to a glassy substance because of the heat of the jet engine. The main risks were to soils and water courses. Much of the ice had been melted. This led to high-altitude wind circulation, it blew clockwise spreading the volcanic ash close to the South and East of Iceland at heights of up to 7,m.


The eruption of the volcano — which lies partly under the small Icelandic ice cap of Eyjafjallajohull translated as mountain glacier — had started off in a low key manner with the appearance of fissues near a mountain pass next to the glacier, together with some lava fountaining.


Fissure-fed lava flows occur on both the E and W flanks of the volcano, but are more prominent on the W side. This was due to the sparse population of the country, successful humanitarian management and the prevailing winds that carried ash away from Iceland and over to Europe. Following the eruption of Eyjafjallajokull, Katla began erupting violently.

The impact of the event social, economic, environmentalin the short and longer term. LEDCs were also badly affected, with Kenya being a great example. This area is therefore incredibly vulnerable to this sort of activity, but weather conditions made the effects of the ash must worse. Capacity to cope and institutional capacity prediction, preparation, prevention.

Volcano case study: Eyjafjallajokull, Iceland Flashcards Preview

The causes and impacts of the eruption, with visits to some of the localities directly affected Volcano monitoring and preparedness The impacts associated with the future eruption of Katla Positive impacts of the volcanic eruption on tourism in Iceland This video is suitable for all ages. Email required Address never made public. This furthermore meant that Carbon uptake by the plants was limited.

case study eyjafjallajokull volcano

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